RESEARCH ARTICLE


An Experimental Study on Percolation Characteristics of a Single-Phase Gas in a Low-Permeability Volcanic Reservoir Under High Pressure



Tang Xiaoyan*
College of Geology and Environment, Xián University of Science and Technology, Xián Shanxi, 710054, P.R. China.


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© 2015 Xiaoyan et al.;

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Correspondence: * Address correspondence to this author at the College of Geology and Environment, Xián University of Science and Technology, Xián Shanxi, 710054, P.R. China; Tel: 15619362568; E-mail: lzdtxy2004@sina.com


Abstract

In this paper, we find that with the decrease in the average pore pressure in the process of gas production, both the slippage effect and the stress sensitivity effect will gradually increase; the increase in the slippage effect is significant, while the increase in the stress sensitivity effect is not. In this paper, the Kalamay volcanic gas reservoir of the Junggar Basin in China was selected as the object of our research. The gas reservoir has typical fractured volcanic reservoirs, and the long-term percolation feature remains unclear. To study the percolation characteristics of singlephase gas under high pressure, the experimental method was designed to simulate these characteristics in the process of gas production by measuring the gas flow in the core and the input and the output pressure at both ends. We carried out simulation experiments of single-phase gas flow percolation characteristics under high pressure using 11 pieces of volcanic rock samples in three wells of the study area. The results show that as the core pore pressure increased, the permeability of low-permeability cores of the volcanic rock decreased significantly at room temperature. However, this decrease became more gradual, which means that the higher the core pore pressure is, the smaller the permeability variation caused by gas slippage is; when the pore pressure is above 10 MPa, the permeability is nearly constant, slippage effect significantly reduces in the process of gas percolation, so it can be completely ignored under these formation conditions. As the pore pressure decreases, the slippage effect and stress sensitivity effect will gradually increase; when the pore pressure is less than 10 MPa, the permeability appears to increase significantly, and this is especially true for a pressure of 5 MPa. The main cause of this result is the slippage effect of gas seepage during the depletion of the gas reservoir, when the pore pressure is lower than a certain value. The valid stress changes of the core are not large, and the stress sensitivity is not strong, so the slippage effect plays a major role, which leads to an increase in the gas permeability during the late period of certain flow gas production.

Keywords: High pressure, Low permeability, Percolation characteristic, Simulation experiment, Single phase gas, Volcanic rock.