Early Inspection of Weld Seams on Gas Pipelines Based on Metal Magnetic Memory Method

Kexi Liao, Lijia Long*, Huaixin Zhang
Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China

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© Liao et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China; Tel: 861582810818686; E-mail:;


In order to investigate the magnetic abnormality influenced by stress in weld seams, experiments on three types of weld seams were carried out and a stress concentration detection instrument - metal magnetic memory (MMM) tester was used. MMM tests on gas pipelines in Puguang initial station in China were conducted and compared MMM wave diagram and mathematical analysis of MMM data and the quantitative MMM characteristics of T weld, straight weld and girth weld. The experiment results showed that different weld seams have different MMM characteristics, types of defects can be identified based on magnetic anomaly signal waveform characteristics and quantitative MMM features which evaluate the pipeline defects quantitatively.

Keywords: Metal magnetic memory, stress concentration, weld seam.