Deep Plugging Experiments Study in High Temperature and Salinity Heterogeneous Clastic Reservoir

Jiwei Wang*, Kaoping Song, Qianru Li
Key Laboratory of Enhanced Oil Recovery, Ministry of Education, Northeast Petroleum University, Daqing, Heilongjiang, 163318, China

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© Wang et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the School of Petroleum Engineering, Northeast Petroleum University, Daqing, 163318, China; Tel: +8604596506789; E-mails:,


According to the exploration and field test results, the reservoir presents high temperature (96°C) and high salinity (77954.03 mg/L) features; therefore, it is necessary to find proper plugging agent that can be used in these reservoirs to enhance oil recovery. In this paper, three kinds of polymers are studied and high temperature resistance as well as relative parameters are tested. According to the testing results, we make a preliminary determination that concentration of polymer solution is 2500-3500mg/L. However, due to the high reservoir temperature, APP5 polymer degrades severely. In view of the polymer degradation problem in high temperature, 2.7% chromium acetate is added into the APP5 solution (Cr3+/APP5=1/60), and the retarder is added at the same time. The stability of this new plugging agent is then tested. The results show that, when the shearing time reaches 60s, plugging agent remains at a high level of 24600mPa•s, and the static adsorption of APP5 remains at a low level of 0.36-0.38mg/g. As a consequence, the Cr3+/APP5 plugging agent can meet the production requirements in reservoirs. Based on results of laboratory physical simulation experiment, plugging efficiency of this plugging agent is higher than 75%, and injected slug size of Cr3+/APP5 plugging agent is 0.3PV.

Keywords: High temperature, High salinity, Injection pattern, Plugging agent, Plugging efficiency, Viscosity.