Corrosion Behavior of 3% Cr Casing Steel in CO2-Containing Environment: A Case Study
Lin Xu1, 3, Jie Xu2, Ming-biao Xu3, *, Si-yang Li4, Shuai Liu4, Yue Huang3, Fu-chang You5
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2018
First Page: 1
Last Page: 13
Publisher Id: TOPEJ-11-1
Article History:Received Date: 23/11/2017
Revision Received Date: 18/12/2017
Acceptance Date: 08/02/2018
Electronic publication date: 28/02/2018
Collection year: 2018
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The production casing of 3% Cr steel has encountered severe internal corrosion in Huizhou Oilfield. To disclose corrosion behavior of inner casing, a series of corrosion exposure tests were systematically conducted on 3% Cr coupons in terms of in-field conditions.
Material and Methods:
Influence of exposure time, temperature, and water-cut on the CO2 corrosion of 3% Cr steel was investigated, and analyses on weight loss, composition and morphology of corrosion product, and Tafel polarization curves were further carried out.
The results showed that the corrosion rate of 3% Cr steel increased with increasing temperature, but such trend descended when the temperature exceeded 65°C due to formation of an compact and adherent corrosion product film on the surface of 3% Cr coupons. While varying exposure time from 7 days to 14 days, the corrosion rate decreased, and the Cr and O enrichment was determined in the corrosion products. The corrosion rate of 3% Cr steel increased with a continuous increment of water-cuts, especially when the water-cut was larger than 40%.
The localized corrosion can happen at the lower water-cut due to the presence of amorphous films. The main corrosion products were FeCO3, Cr5O12, Fe2O3, and Fe-Cr. Entry of CO2 to the simulated formation water caused an increase in the anodic Tafel slope, and accelerated dissolution of 3% Cr steel.